Origin Of Tattoos
all about tattoos
Origin Of Tattoos: Today tattoos are in fashion. And therefore even the stars of music, cinema or sports take them. Maybe you feel proud of your tattooed skin. But it has not always been that way. I will explain the history of the tattoo, its origin, evolution, different uses and some meanings.
Throughout the history of tattoos, this perennial drawing or works of art that make them on the skin, have gone through different stages and were often not well seen, and have had different symbologies and concept.
In the origin of tattoos, and tattoos in ancient times, tells the story of the tattoo that primitive peoples recorded or drew on their skin the form of the most dangerous or feared animal to avoid encounters with him. They thought that a scorpion tattooed on the thigh freed them from their sting.
The Egyptians already tattooed 4,000 thousand years ago. In this origin of tattoos, the priestesses of the sacred cow Hator tattooed her belly, thanks to the excavations that have been made, there are many mummies found with tattoos of all kinds.
In the history tattoos, the tattoo on the Egyptian mummy, and also the Assyrians and the Phoenicians welcomed these practices. They tattooed their foreheads with signs alluding to divinity, the religious use that lasted over the centuries and still lingered in Italy in the early twentieth century.
Breton women tattooed their skin and Brittany men fighting Julius Caesar painted blue with pastel grass.
In the original tattoos, it is known that when the Spaniards arrived in the Canary Islands, in the European tattoos the Guanches used the so-called paints as stamps to print repeated series of drawings on the skin. The same happened when they arrived in Mexico. This is how Mexican tattoos arrive.
The tattoos were rediscovered in Europe, there are old tattoos, when the English expedition who was under the command of Captain James Cook, They returned to London in 1769. And they returned from Tahiti, with him came the word tattu, of Polynesian origin, and some aborigines With a body full of tattoos who were exhibited in the English capital as an attraction in fairground barracks.
It was so much the taste for tattoos that it became a business, and it grew so much that it extended to the surroundings of the sea ports, and the tatto parlors (tattoo parlors) emerged.
Tattoos in society were accepted.
Gradually and fortunately for tattoo lovers in 1891 the electric tattoo was invented. This technique was so novel that it made the United States the world center of tattoo design.
In the history of tattoos, the convicts and deserters were tattooed to be identified, these techniques that they applied in the first half of the 20th century, also the Nazis in their concentration camps, and the Soviets in their Siberian gulags. Tattoos come from Europe
tribal tattoo history
In the origin of the tattoo, this was an external symbol of the mob and the crowd, people of bad repute.
But over time it was so much the pleasure that the fashion of the artistic tattoo is created among the elegant of the European aristocratic society.
The first to wear these tattoos were the ladies of the entourage of Empress Eugenia de Montijo, who was the wife of Napoleon III, they wore between their breasts a few drops of water or tears of an intense blue, painted as a false moles, or tattooed , as is the case with a certain Provencal baroness who accompanied the empress.
Also the Austrian Empress Isabel, wife of Francisco José I, called Sissí, used tattoos that referred to her high rank; also the crown prince of the Austro-Hungarian crown, Archduke Fernando carried a tattooed snake.
At the end of the 19th century, tattoo fashion was in its rage. In London, the state tattoo artist who called himself Doctor Williams was exhibited with his wife at the highly tattooed Aquarium theater, so that his body and that of his lady served as an exhibition, thus showing everything he was able to do: person, ships, hearts, dragons, name initials, snakes or faces, all kinds of drawing.
The truth about where tattoos come from is uncertain, since the term was known not before the 19th century by French tatouage, and at the same time from English tatoo, and finally from the Polynesian language. In the Castilian term at the beginning it was the humming, although it was already known tattoo.
With respect to Spain, it was Catalonia, a region that was of great influence for France and Italy, where it was first introduced.
Meaning of tattoo
Where the tattoos come from
The word tattoo comes from the Samoan «tátau», which means to mark or hit twice, making reference to the traditional method of applying designs or templates, it is incorporated into Spanish through French, tatouage.
The sailors who traveled the Pacific Ocean found the Samoans, and fell in love with their tattoos and translated the word “tatau” as a tattoo.
In Japanese, the word for traditional designs, or those designs that are applied using traditional methods, is “horimono” (record); «Irezumi» and is used to refer to any type of tattoo, while the word «tattoo» is used for designs of non-Japanese origin.
In Spanish, tattoo lovers refer to them as “tattoos”, or use the Castilianized term “tatu”, which currently has entries with the words ‘tattoo’ and ‘tattoo’.
In the United States, indigenous people used tattoos as part of the ritual of passage. That is to say that when a person went from puberty to adulthood he was tattooed in order to protect his soul.
However, this was not the only ritual use made of tattooing in this region of the world. History of tattoo in Mexico, the tribes used tattoos as a commemoration of the dead in battle and was a form of worship of the gods.
In South America, the indigenous tribes also painted their bodies, but they did not make it permanent. The inks were created based on flowers and vegetable fats as well as animals. The Yaganes, aborigines of Tierra del Fuego, used paintings for their ceremonies and parties; for example, the chiejaus, made a rite of initiation and was that the young people had to paint their bodies and faces with mud and other mixtures made with oils and red earth, they were also painted to celebrate marriages and during the duel after faceted .
Some remains found 2500 years old in Altai reveal that tattoos were performed to differentiate the hierarchy in some Siberian nomadic tribes.
The tattoo came to the West by sea. Because of the expeditions made by Christopher Columbus in America and Captain James Cook to the islands of Polynesia and were the beginning of the tattoo to the West.
In these expeditions the sailors were of great influence because of the contact with the Native Americans, with the Maori and with other tribes that “taught” them the art of tattooing.
Upon return, the sailors opened their own tattoo clubs and converted this discipline among the popular sectors. In 1846 for the first time the first tattoo studio opens in New York.
During Nazi Germany the tattoo was used to mark the prisoners of the concentration camps.
Since the end of the 20th century, the tattoo has been greatly popularized and has gradually been incorporated into society and today it fulfills purely aesthetic functions, it is used in a way of artistic expression that does not distinguish between social sectors.
who invented tattoos
Fellows, Hildebrandt and O’Reilly, the inventor of the tattoo machine, were responsible for making tattooing a profession.
Different types of tattoos
There are different types of tattoos and here I will show you some
Among the old tattoos is who, according to George Orwell, the miners who worked the coal had tattoos due to the coal dust that penetrated the wounds. It was a painful thing but the skin was left with citrices that were called tattoos since the skin was marked, this was a traumatic tattoo because it occurred when a substance, such as asphalt, gunpowder, silver amalgam, etc., was introduced into a wound.
The prison tattoos
Of the first tattoo for men, according to Dr. Rafael Salillas, he carried out a profound study on tattoos on Spanish caraceles, with reference to the marginal environment and social rejection of the populations of these institutions.
Vegan tattoos (tattoos for net vegetarians)
Since the inks that are used to make tattoos are of animal origin; So, there are vegan alternatives for strict vegetarians, this culture that wants to wear a ‘vegan’ tattoo
These are ultraviolet (UV) tattoos
These are done using inks that glow under ultraviolet radiation, invisible to the human eye.
These tattoos are invisible under daylight or artificial lighting, but they can be seen if they are exposed to black light, such as that used in nightclubs and night festivals.
The tattoo in the culture
In different cultures tattoos are related to animals. The cultures where the tattoos were performed were: in ancient Egypt, Bali and Java, Polynesia, Great Britain, Greece, and so on.
Currently the tattoo has become a fashion among young people, and sometimes it can be as a sign of rebellion, especially in Western society.
Tattoos have several uses; And they can be used as identification, decoration, beauty, cosmetics, religion, witchcraft. An example of identification tattoos are those of World War II, in which the Nazis marked Jews to concentration camps.
In education, it shows what they did in the United States, Mexico and in general all of America, in the museums of the cultures of the world young people are taught about the rituals of passage, this is a very interesting topic for young people and adolescents .
Ways to perform a tattoo
This is a type of tattoo practiced in northern Asia in the Siberian towns of the ostiacs, they perform tattoos with a needle and thread passed by some coloring substance, and pass the thread under the skin following the shape of the drawing that is desired and when the thread passes, it leaves the color trail forming the figure to tattoo.
This type of tattoo is usually performed on prisons. Blades, knives or some sharp objects are used and the dye obtains it in different ways, the black obtains it from the smoke of burnt rubber sole, also from coal or soot dust; The red brick dust.
Usually people from dark-skinned villages practiced it, and it consists of forming figures on the skin through scars. It is known that in the Nuu of Kau they use this technique. In this culture only women were tattooed and they themselves perform tattoos, with instruments used such as thorns or fine blades. The area of the body that wanted to tattoo was smeared with oil and with it they perform the way they want to tattoo, with the spine the skin is lifted and with the blade they were cutting quickly, and at the end they covered the tattoo with hard flour to soothe the pain and protect against infections.
This is the oldest custom that was used to mark slaves and fortunately today it is used only to mark cattle.
In this technique an iron rod was used with a seal forged at one end which was heated to the fire to such an extent that the iron was bright red, was then placed on the skin of the person that was desired to mark, and this it produced burns that would leave scars with the shape of the seal. Huyy what pain.
oldest tattoo in the world
The oldest tattoo is from a Neolithic hunter from 5300 BC. of C. Who found him in 1991, buried in a glacier on the border between Austria and Italy.
In 1991 a Neolithic mummy was found on a glacier in the Ötztal Alps, he had back tattoos. This mummy is known as the “Iceman”, this is the oldest human body with skin found and its approximate age is about 5200 years. However, the different cultures that used the tattoo did so in different ways; as much as in art, as in the sense of creating ritual or symbolic meanings, as was the case in Ancient Egypt, as well as to mark or point out criminals, which was what was done in ancient Greece and Rome. Some other older famous mummies with tattoos that have been found, is the mummy of Amunet, of Ancient Egypt, and the mummy showed that the practice of tattooing is as old as the history of mankind. .
In 2006, on the northern coast of Peru, a mummy of 1500 years ago was found in the El Brujo Archaeological Complex: the Lady of Cao, and in the arms and hands tattoos of snakes, spiders, crocodiles, monkeys, leopards were preserved, Bees and butterflies.
Origin Of Tattoos